Preventing Cataract

Regular eye exams remain the key to early detection. Schedule eye exams at least every other year, if you are over the age of 65. Although most cataracts occur with age and cannot be avoided altogether, you can take steps to help slow or possibly prevent the development of cataracts:

  • Don't smoke. Smoking produces free radicals, increasing your risk of cataracts.

  • Eat a balanced diet. Include plenty of fruits and vegetables in your diet. Ultraviolet light may contribute to the development of cataracts. Whenever possible, wear sunglasses that block ultraviolet B (UVB) rays when you're outdoors.

  • Take care of other health problems. Follow your treatment plan if you have diabetes or other medical conditions.

Researchers are continuing to explore new ways to prevent and treat cataracts, such as developing medications that would reduce or eliminate the need for surgery. But, until such a treatment exists, your chances of fully restoring your vision with cataract surgery are excellent if you have no other eye diseases.